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Tablets nas aulas de Matemática

Jeannetta Mitchell, a professora de matemática da Pesidio Middle School contou um pouco sobre um projeto piloto de uso de tablets pelos alunos nas aulas de Algebra. Confira matéria do site Mind/Shift.

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For more detail about my visit to the Presidio Middle School’s iPad algebra class, here’s the complete Q&A with eighth-grade teacher Jeannetta Mitchell. She talks about the practicalities of forgoing the traditional textbook and seeing students find different ways of learning the material.

Far from being afraid of the technology — or believing that it will be the beacon of hope — this veteran teacher is a pragmatist. She’s determined to find the best way to grab her students’ interest and get them to enjoy learning.

Q. Do you think the iPad is actually changing the way students learn?

A. I definitely believe it’s changing the way they learn. The iPad is more than just a textbook. It has example videos to watch, so if I’m teaching in class and explaining something, they take notes. They think they understand, they go home, they might forget to do something or they’re not sure. They watch the video at home and it’s a teacher explaining the very same concept. So it’s like taking the teacher home with them.

Given the fact that it’s on an iPad, they’re more apt to use it. Because the other students using print textbooks who have the same access to the videos online but who are not using iPads, they have to go to the computer and the Internet. And a kid doing homework at home, they’re not going to go to the computer, find the site, put in their user name and password. They’re not going to bother, because they think, “She’ll just explain it to me tomorrow.” But the kid with the iPad — it’s right there. All they have to do is hit a couple of buttons and watch the video. They’re more apt to use it.

Q. Where do they work out the problems?

A. On some of the pages on the iPad, there is a sketchpad … But I don’t think it can replace the pen and pencil; they’re still necessary for math. I want to see their work, because if the answer is incorrect, I need to see where they made the mistake.

Q. Do you allow them to use the calculator?

A. I don’t because these are numbers they should be comfortable with. If they use a calculator, they don’t get a sense of what makes sense and what doesn’t. I only let them use the calculator to check the work, not to do the work.

Q. How have their test scores measured up?

A. Initially, the test scores did not represent what everybody had hoped they would represent. The students performed actually at a lower level than my other three classes using print textbooks. And I had a conversation with the class explaining to them that the ipad was not the panacea of all ills. It wasn’t the magic wand that was going to do everything for them, that they still had to think. You have to be engaged. It’s not giving you the answers, it’s helping you get the answers.

But since I showed them the videos and they saw how helpful the videos were, they started using them. And I’ve noticed that the grades have gotten a lot better since I told them to use what’s available. You cannot convince any school, any district, to use this device if you’re not utilizing all the capabilities it has for you.

Q. Have the grades improved?

A. Yes. There’s not that big a discrepancy at all [between the classes that use the textbook and the iPad]. You would not be able to separate them between the classes. But I’m interested in seeing by the end of the year if it actually surpasses the others.

One of the things about the iPad, though, it’s a great tool, but it’s like anything, if you don’t use the tool you’re not going to get anything accomplished.

Q. Do you see the iPad helping with students who are having a hard time?

A. It helps the kid who wants to do well, but in middle school, it’s not going to magically make it happen for them. It’s not the magic wand. But if nothing else, it helps not carrying around a 10-pound book. But overall, the majority of the kids are using it for what it’s for. They’re taking advantage of what it can do.

One thing I do, I can provide multiple choice questions and their iPads will synch to my iPad and I’ll have [the answers] and they’ll have a timer. They do the work, and on my iPad, I can see how many kids are choosing which answers. The benefit for me is that if there are a number of people who are choosing one answer and it’s incorrect, it’s a quick cue for me to go back and see where’s the disconnect, what’s the problem. And it’s so immediate.

It’s different than saying, “How many of you don’t understand this,” or “How many of you got the wrong answer.” Kids aren’t going to hold up their hands to vote, but on their iPad, they know they’re somewhat anonymous. It just helps me.

Q. Your students told me the iPads make math more fun.

A. It is fun! And we made it to where they can personalize it, and they’re allowed to get their music on it and things like that. But they also know that I have the capability of finding out every site that they’ve ever gone to, and not one child has gone on a site that they’re not supposed to.

But what’s great is that [principal] Pam Clisham has been really instrumental in getting the message to all the parents. They had to sign off on it. If anything happens they have to replace it, they have to buy insurance for it, and they have to know what sites [students] can’t use.

But the parents knew this was something big, and they wanted their child to participate. You have to get parents bought into it.

Q. At this point, do you think the iPad or the e-reader is just another passing fad, or will it really change what’s happening in schools?

A. I don’t think it’s a passing fad at all. When I look at students when they’re handed these big books, and a child looks at that fat book, they won’t say it verbally, they say it to themselves subconsciously, “I can’t learn that.” And I can see it on their faces.

With an iPad, they can look at it, they believe they’re going to learn what they have to from it because they don’t see the whole book. They see bits of information as it’s presented.

So I don’t get anyone who thinks, “I don’t get the first two chapters, I don’t get it, so I’m done.”

It’s a positive thing for them. Plus they don’t have a fear of anything electronic — they’re still showing me things — but they do have fear of a fat textbook.

Q. What are some things you might change about this particular app for algebra?

A. We’re in contact weekly with Apple and the publishing company. They’re not saying, Here’s the perfect tool. Just take the test and we’ll take the results. They’re always asking what else can it do? That’s what I appreciate about it.

One thing that’s problematic is that the teacher’s edition is not on my iPad. Mine looks just like the students’, so I still have to use the big textbook. So hopefully they’ll have a teacher’s app.

And there needs to be a place for the kids to do the work. They’re working on how to reconfigure the sketchpad so it’s easier to use.

The supplementary pages are in the back of the book and are hard to find.

But what’s nice is they can make a note, either oral or type it in, to find something.

They also can record what I’m saying in class, and that happens more often than I thought. So when I’m talking, the kids can have record button on. It’s very clear what’s being said. They literally can take the teacher home with them. I have to make sure I know what I’m telling them.

And when they’re listening to something, or they want to make an oral note, they speak into the speaker it.

And they can add math apps. They can personalize it.

Q. As a teacher who’s now using the iPad in class, what do you say to those who fear it will replace them?

A. Anyone who thinks that the iPad or online textbook is going to replace them, they don’t have to worry about that. It’s just like giving a book to a student who reads well and telling them to teach themselves. That doesn’t happen.

Only the classroom teacher can see the disconnect, the child that has the question but isn’t asking. You have to be involved. I as a teacher cannot sit down while I’m teaching. That’s impossible. You have to move around and keep students engaged. There’s no doubt in my mind that if I left the room they would not be testing as well as they are. They need a teacher. So I don’t think that’s a problem.

Q. So how do you use the video tutorials?

A. Because how I teach might be different than what’s in the video, and the reality is that there’s more than one way to solve something. It doesn’t necessarily mimic me.

Q. Is the iPad helping students who are having a hard time?

A. I have students who are participating in this class who did not participate in their previous math classes. So it does engage them. Is it going to make them all brainiacs and straight A students? No, it’s not going to do that, but it will keep them engaged.

They’re interested. But at the same time I walk around making sure they’re doing what I want them to do, instead of some other applications. But that’s what a teacher does even when they have a textbook. Just like if they’re holding a cartoon book in front of their textbook.

I don’t believe the students think, “Well I won’t pay attention in class because I can watch it at home.” That’s not the case. They really use it as a supplement, not as a replacement of the teacher.

Q. Do you think the iPad is motivating students to try harder?

A. Some of them are definitely trying more. “I had to watch it three times before I really got it, Ms. Mitchell.” And I say: “But how did you feel when you got it?” They say: “I understand it.”

I’ve never had a student say: “I’ve read this three times in the book, and I don’t get it, I’ll ask Ms. Mitchell tomorrow.” But they will watch that video.

But they don’t have to watch the video. They can see the problem and the iPad shows them the first step in solving it. So they go, ‘Oh, I can get it.’ Because many times you just need a boost, a reminder. And they pull down and see the next step, so it just introduces it a little at a time, it doesn’t just give the answer.

That’s one of the best things about the iPad as opposed to the book. It shows how to solve. The textbook just has answers in the back, no explanation as to how to get there. The iPad shows step by step how to get to it, so that’s the real plus.

Q. But is it solving the problem for them? Are they learning in that case?

A. They don’t really look at it as it’s solving the problem for them. They really want to understand. Kids really do want to learn, and this just makes it more fun for them to learn. Nobody’s just sitting there writing down the answer, saying, “I don’t know how I got there. They know how they got there.”

I don’t see anyone thinking that they got one over on the teacher because they got the answers off the machine.

Q. How have students been treating these expensive gadgets?

A. A week ago, none were lost or damaged. Now we have just one that’s missing. It was left somewhere that other people knew how to get to it. But the people who took it don’t realize we have a GPS on it. And the parents had bought insurance, but the replacement hasn’t come yet.

But mostly they’ve been really responsible. They give me iPads, I lock it up until class time, then I lock it until the end of the day when they come back for it.

 Lenny Gonzalez

Q. What do you think is going to happen to textbooks in the future?

A. Ten years from now I don’t think they’re going to be carrying around these fat textbooks.

I can’t imagine that there won’t be a time that all the textbooks won’t be on the tablet. Students will be able to take it with them. If Houghton Mifflin Harcourt can put an algebra book on a tablet, what’s to stop them from putting a science book on the tablet? In fact, it might create even more consistency about which texts are more used in the district.

Q. What about cost?

Principal Pam Clisham, who was also in the room during the interview added her thoughts on the matter.

Pam Clisham: They’re expensive, but so are textbooks. If you had one iPad and all of your textbooks were on your iPad, it would be the same cost. Right now textbooks are running $50 or $60 dollars a piece, plus supplementary materials.

Jeannetta Mitchell: A student just needs one iPad for all of middle school. For a three-year period, it would pay for itself, and then some.

Fonte: http://mindshift.kqed.org/2011/01/teaching-with-a-tablet-one-educators-experience/

Sem pesar na mochila, tablet pode substituir livro e caderno

Confira matéria do jornal Brasil Econômico sobre o futuro dos livros e cadernos digitais.

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De acordo com o recente estudo Tablets in the Classroom, desenvolvido pela Piper Jaffray, a maioria das escolas dos EUA está testando tablets com o objetivo de ter, em 2016, mais tablets por alunos do que computadores.

O levantamento, realizado com 25 diretores de tecnologia da informação (TI) de estabelecimentos de ensino, mostra que 11% das escolas pesquisadas oferecem um tablet por aluno e que 66% esperam estar nesta condição em cinco anos, índice que certamente impressiona.

Já a Índia apresentou, recentemente, o Aakash, um tablet destinado a estudantes e que terá um projeto piloto de distribuição gratuita com 100 mil unidades. Na sequência, o dispositivo terá preço subsidiado de apenas US$ 35.

E o Brasil? Estamos acompanhando esta tendência mundial? Algumas iniciativas tímidas são colocadas em prática. O Centro Universitário UniSEB COC de Educação a Distância entregou tablets aos seus alunos durante o ano letivo de 2011. Com o dispositivo, os estudantes têm acesso a materiais didáticos e vídeos das aulas.

Os tablets contam ainda com aplicativos e permitem o acesso à internet. Desta forma, alunos podem fazer pesquisa ou ler notícias em tempo real. Uma forma, sem dúvida, eficaz para estudar!

Em Fortaleza, tivemos outra iniciativa – um pouco mais polêmica do que a do COC. O colégio Ari de Sá lançou a campanha “Tablets substituem livros”. Trata-se de uma afirmação ousada e o fato é que a iniciativa reforça alguns benefícios, entre os quais os alunos não precisarem carregar livros nas mochilas e poderem fazer consultas e aprimorar conhecimentos.

De olho nessas possibilidades, a escola bilíngue Cidade Jardim Playpen, de São Paulo, quer testar o uso de tablets em turmas do sexto ano a partir deste ano. A ideia é usar os dispositivos no lugar dos tradicionais cadernos.

Confesso que estou curiosa para ver o resultado desta iniciativa. Ainda tenho dúvidas sobre se abandonar cadernos e fichários é realmente a melhor solução, mas, por outro lado, acredito que toda iniciativa de adotar tecnologias na Educação tem sim muito a contribuir, tornando o ensino mais divertido, por exemplo.

Mas, e as iniciativas públicas? O que o governo está preparando em relação à adoção dos tablets nas escolas? O Ministério da Educação anunciou recentemente que, em parceria com o Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia, irá distribuir tablets para alunos de escolas públicas.

A iniciativa, em um primeiro momento muito interessante, esbarra, infelizmente, na realidade segundo a qual a maioria dos professores brasileiros ainda não está preparada para ensinar seus alunos com o suporte de tablets e de outras tecnologias.

Neste contexto, sem dúvida alguma, há a necessidade de se investir fortemente na formação de professores. Peça fundamental do processo de ensino-aprendizagem, o professor precisa se qualificar e aprender ao máximo a utilizar todos os recursos disponíveis nas novas tecnologias digitais.

Somente desta forma conseguirá elaborar uma boa aula e atender às expectativas dos alunos.

Fonte: http://www.brasileconomico.com.br/noticias/sem-pesar-na-mochila-tablet-pode-substituir-livro-e-caderno_111561.html

Como será a escola em 2020?

Em 2009, Shelly Blake-Plock escreveu um artigo sobre as 21 coisas que estariam obsoletas em 2020. Em 2011, o artigo ganhou destaque novamente. Será que Blake-Plock acertará suas previsões?
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By Shelly Blake-Plock

1. DESKS
The 21st century does not fit neatly into rows. Neither should your students. Allow the network-based concepts of flow, collaboration, and dynamism help you rearrange your room for authentic 21st century learning.

2. LANGUAGE LABS
Foreign language acquisition is only a smartphone away. Get rid of those clunky desktops and monitors and do something fun with that room.

3. COMPUTERS
Ok, so this is a trick answer. More precisely this one should read: “Our concept of what a computer is.” Because computing is going mobile and over the next decade we’re going to see the full fury of individualized computing via handhelds come to the fore. Can’t wait.

4. HOMEWORK
The 21st century is a 24/7 environment. And the next decade is going to see the traditional temporal boundaries between home and school disappear. And despite whatever Secretary Duncan might say, we don’t need kids to ‘go to school’ more; we need them to ‘learn’ more. And this will be done 24/7 and on the move (see #3).

5. THE ROLE OF STANDARDIZED TESTS IN COLLEGE ADMISSIONS
The AP Exam is on its last legs. The SAT isn’t far behind. Over the next ten years, we will see Digital Portfolios replace test scores as the #1 factor in college admissions.

6. DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION AS A SIGN OF DISTINGUISHED TEACHER 
The 21st century is customizable. In ten years, the teacher who hasn’t yet figured out how to use tech to personalize learning will be the teacher out of a job. Differentiation won’t make you‘distinguished’; it’ll just be a natural part of your work.

7. FEAR OF WIKIPEDIA
Wikipedia is the greatest democratizing force in the world right now. If you are afraid of letting your students peruse it, it’s time you get over yourself.

8. PAPERBACKS
Books were nice. In ten years’ time, all reading will be via digital means. And yes, I know, you like the ‘feel’ of paper. Well, in ten years’ time you’ll hardly tell the difference as ‘paper’ itself becomes digitized.

9. ATTENDANCE OFFICES
Bio scans. ‘Nuff said.

10. LOCKERS
A coat-check, maybe.

11. I.T. DEPARTMENTS
Ok, so this is another trick answer. More subtly put: IT Departments as we currently know them. Cloud computing and a decade’s worth of increased wifi and satellite access will make some of the traditional roles of IT — software, security, and connectivity — a thing of the past. What will IT professionals do with all their free time? Innovate. Look to tech departments to instigate real change in the function of schools over the next twenty years.

12. CENTRALIZED INSTITUTIONS
School buildings are going to become ‘homebases’ of learning, not the institutions where all learning happens. Buildings will get smaller and greener, student and teacher schedules will change to allow less people on campus at any one time, and more teachers and students will be going out into their communities to engage in experiential learning.

13. ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL SERVICES BY GRADE 
Education over the next ten years will become more individualized, leaving the bulk of grade-based learning in the past. Students will form peer groups by interest and these interest groups will petition for specialized learning. The structure of K-12 will be fundamentally altered.

14. EDUCATION SCHOOLS THAT FAIL TO INTEGRATE TECHNOLOGY
This is actually one that could occur over the next five years. Education Schools have to realize that if they are to remain relevant, they are going to have to demand that 21st century tech integration be modeled by the very professors who are supposed to be preparing our teachers.

15. PAID/OUTSOURCED PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
No one knows your school as well as you. With the power of a PLN (professional learing networks) in their back pockets, teachers will rise up to replace peripatetic professional development gurus as the source of schoolwide professional development programs. This is already happening.

16. CURRENT CURRICULAR NORMS
There is no reason why every student needs to take however many credits in the same course of study as every other student. The root of curricular change will be the shift in middle schools to a role as foundational content providers and high schools as places for specialized learning.

17. PARENT-TEACHER CONFERENCE NIGHT
Ongoing parent-teacher relations in virtual reality will make parent-teacher conference nights seem quaint. Over the next ten years, parents and teachers will become closer than ever as a result of virtual communication opportunities. And parents will drive schools to become ever more tech integrated.

18. TYPICAL CAFETERIA FOOD
Nutrition information + handhelds + cost comparison = the end of $3.00 bowls of microwaved mac and cheese. At least, I so hope so.

19. OUTSOURCED GRAPHIC DESIGN AND WEB DESIGN
You need a website/brochure/promo/etc.? Well, for goodness sake just let your kids do it. By the end of the decade — in the best of schools — they will be.

20. HIGH SCHOOL ALGEBRA 1
Within the decade, it will either become the norm to teach this course in middle school or we’ll have finally woken up to the fact that there’s no reason to give algebra weight over statistics and I.T. in high school for non-math majors (and they will have all taken it in middle school anyway).

21. PAPER
In ten years’ time, schools will decrease their paper consumption by no less than 90%. And the printing industry and the copier industry and the paper industry itself will either adjust or perish.

Fonte: http://www.mindshift.kqed.org/2011/12/21-things-that-will-be-obsolete-in-2020/